IELTS Data Reading Passage 150 – World Ecotourism in the Developing Countries

IELTS Data Reading Passage 150 – World Ecotourism in the Developing Countries

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1 – 13 which are based on IELTS Data Reading Passage 150 – World Ecotourism in the Developing Countries Reading Passage Below:-

World Ecotourism in the

developing countries

{A} The Ecotourism Society defines ecotourism as “a responsible travel to natural areas which conserves the environment and improves the welfare of local people.” It is recognized as being particularly conducive to enriching and enhancing the standing of tourism because this form of tourism respects the natural heritage and local populations and is in keeping with the carrying capacity of the sites.


{B} Cuba is undoubtedly an obvious site for ecotourism, with its picturesque beaches, underwater beauty, countryside landscapes, and ecological reserves. An educated population and improved infrastructure of roads and communications add to the mix. In the Caribbean region, Cuba is now the second most popular tourist destination. 

Ecotourism is also seen as an environmental education opportunity to heighten both visitors’ and residents’ awareness of environmental and conservation issues and even to inspire conservation action. Ecotourism has also been credited with promoting peace by providing opportunities for educational and cultural exchange. Tourists’ safety and health are guaranteed. 

Raul Castro, brother of the Cuban president, started this initiative to rescue the Cuban tradition of herbal medicine and provide natural medicines for its healthcare system. The school at Las Terrazas Eco-Tourism Community teaches herbal healthcare, and children learn how to use medicinal herbs and grow them in the school garden for teas, tinctures, ointments, and creams. 

In Cuba, ecotourism has the potential to alleviate poverty by bringing money into the economy and creating jobs. In addition to the environmental impacts of these efforts, the area works on developing community employment opportunities for locals in conjunction with ecotourism.

South America

{C} In terms of South America, it might be the place that shows the shortcomings of ecotourism. Histoplasma capsulatum (see chapter “Histoplasmosis and HIV”), a dimorphic fungus, is the most common endemic mycoses in the United States (12) and is associated with exposure to a bat or bird droppings. Most recently, outbreaks have been reported in healthy travellers who returned from Central and South America after engaging in recreational activities associated with spelunking, adventure tourism, and ecotourism. It is quite often to see tourists neglect sanitation while travelling. After engaging in high-risk activities, boots should be hosed off and clothing placed in airtight plastic bags for laundering. HIV-infected travellers should avoid risky behaviours or environments, such as exploring caves, particularly those containing bat droppings.

{D} Nowhere is the keen eye and intimate knowledge of ecotourism more amidst this fantastic biodiversity, as we explore remote realms rich in wildlife rather than a nature adventure. A sustainable tour is significant for ecotourism, one in which we can grow hand in hand with nature and our community, respecting everything that makes us privileged. Travellers get great joy from every step that takes forward on this endless but exciting journey towards sustainability. The primary threats to South America’s tropical forests are deforestation caused by agricultural expansion, cattle ranching, logging, oil extraction and spills, mining, illegal coca farming, and colonization initiatives. Deforestation has shrunk territories belonging to indigenous peoples and wiped out more than 90% of the population. Many are taking leading roles in sustainable tourism even as they introduce protected regions to more travellers.

East Africa

{E} In East Africa, significantly reducing such illegal hunting and allowing wildlife populations to recover would allow the generation of significant economic benefits through trophy hunting and potentially ecotourism. “Illegal hunting is an extremely inefficient use of wildlife resources because it fails to capture the value of wildlife achievable through alternative forms of use such as trophy hunting and ecotourism,” said Peter Lindsey, author of the new study. Most residents believed that ecotourism could solve this circumstance. They have a passion for local community empowerment, love photography, and write to laud current local conservation efforts, create environmental awareness and promote ecotourism.


{F} In Indonesia, ecotourism started to become an important concept in 1995; in order to strengthen the domestic travelling movement, the local government targeting the right markets is a prerequisite for successful ecotourism. The market segment for Indonesian ecotourism consists of: (i) “The silent generation,” 55-64-year-old people who are wealthy enough, generally well-educated and have no dependent children, and can travel for four weeks; (ii) “The baby boom generation,” junior successful executives aged 35-54 years, who are likely to be travelling with their family and children (spending 2-3 weeks on travel) – travelling for them is a stress reliever; and (iii) the “X generation,” aged 18-29 years, who love to do ecotours as backpackers — they are generally students who can travel for 3-12 months with monthly expenditure of US$300-500. It is suggested that the promotion of Indonesian ecotourism products should aim to reach these various cohorts of tourists. The country welcomes diverse levels of travellers.

{G} On the other hand, ecotourism provides as many services as traditional tourism. Nestled between Mexico, Guatemala, and the Caribbean Sea is the country of Belize. It is a wonderful place for a Hamanasi honeymoon, a bottle of champagne upon arrival, three meals daily, a private service on one night of your stay, and a choice of adventures depending on the length of your stay. It also offers six-night and seven-night honeymoon packages. A variety of specially tailored tours, including the Brimstone Hill Fortress and a trip to a neighbouring island. Guided tours include rainforest, volcano, and off-road plantation tours. Gregory Pereira, extremely knowledgeable and outgoing hiking and tour guide, say the following about his tours: “All of our tours on St.Kitts include transportation by specially modified Land Rovers, a picnic of island pastries and local fruit, fresh tropical juices, CSR, a qualified island guide and a full liability insurance coverage for participants.

{H} Kodai is an ultimate splendour spot for those who love being close to mother nature. They say every bird must sing its own throat, while we say every traveller should find his own way out of variegated and unblemished paths of deep valleys and steep mountains. The cheese factory here exports a great quantity of cheese to various countries across the globe. It is located in the centre of the forest. The delicious cheese attracts many travellers. Ecotourism is very famous for this different eating experience.

Questions 1-5

Use the information in the IELTS Data Reading Passage 150 – World Ecotourism in the Developing Countries passage to match the place (listed A-D) with opinions or deeds below. Write the appropriate letters A-D in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet. 

NB You may use any letter more than once.

(A) Cuba 

(B) East Africa 

(C) South America 

(D) Indonesia

Question 1:- a place to improve local education to help tourists 

Question 2:- a place suitable for both rich and poor travellers 

Question 3:- a place where could easily get fungus 

Question 4:- a place taking a method to stop unlawful poaching 

Question 5:- a place where the healthcare system is developed

Questions 6-9

Use the information in the passage to match the companies (listed A-D) with opinions or deeds below. Write the appropriate letters A, B, C, or D in boxes 6-9 on your answer sheet.

(A) eating the local fruits at the same time 

(B) find job opportunities in the community 

(C) which is situated in the heart of the jungle 

(D) with private and comfortable service

Question 6:- Visiting the cheese factory 

Question 7:- Enjoying the honeymoon 

Question 8:- Having the picnic while 

Question 9:- The residents in Cuba could 

Questions 10-13


Complete the following summary of the paragraphs of IELTS Data Reading Passage 150 – World Ecotourism in the Developing Countries Reading Passage, using no more than two words from the Reading Passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 10-13 on your answer sheet.

Ecotourism is not a natural 10.…………..but a 11…………… tour. The reason why South America promotes ecotourism is due to the destruction of 12…………… In addition, East Africa also encourages this kind of tourism for cutting the 13…………… in order to save wild animals.

IELTS Data Reading Passage 150 – World Ecotourism in the Developing Countries Answers

(1) A

(2) D

(3) C

(4) B

(5) A

(6) C

(7) D

(8) A

(9) B





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