DRESSED TO DAZZLE
As high –tech materials invade high –street fashion, prepare for clothes that are cooler than silk and warmer than wool, keep insects at arm’s length, and emit many pinpricks of colored light.
The convergence of fashion and high technology is leading to new kinds of fibers, fabrics, and coatings that are imbuing clothing with equally wondrous powers. Corpe Nove, an Italian fashion company has made a prototype shirt that shortens its sleeves when the room temperature rises and can be ironed with a hairdryer. And at Nexia Biotechnologies, a Canadian firm, scientists have caused a stir by manufacturing spider silk from the milk of genetically engineered goats. Not surprisingly, some industry analysts think high-tech materials may soon influence fashion more profoundly than any individual designer.
A big impact is already being made at the molecular level. Nano-Tex, a subsidiary of American textiles maker Burlington, markets a portfolio of nanotechnologies that can make fabrics more durable, comfortable, wrinkle-free, and stain-resistant. The notion of this technology posing a threat to the future of the clothing industry clearly does not worry popular fashion outlets such as Gap, Levi Strauss, and Lands’ End, all of which employ Nano-Tex’s products. Meanwhile, Schoeller Textil in Germany, whose clients include famous designers Donna Karan and Polo Ralph Lauren. Uses nanotechnology to create fabrics that can store or release heat.
Sensory Perception Technologies( SPT) embodies an entirely different application of nanotechnology. Created in 2003 by Quest International, a flavor, and fragrance company, and Woolmark, a wool textile organization, SPT is a new technique of embedding chemicals into the fabric. Though not the first of this type, SPT ‘s durability
( evidently the microcapsule containing the chemicals can survive up to 30 washes) suggests an interesting future. Designers could incorporate signature scents into their collection. Sportswear could be impregnated with antiperspirant. Hay fever sufferers might find relief by pulling on a T-shirt and so on.
The loudest buzz now surrounds polylactic acid (PLA) fibers- and, in particular, one brand name Ingeo. Developed by Cargill Dow, it is the first man-made fiber derived from 100% annually renewable resources. This is current maize (corn), though in theory any fermentable plant material even potato peelings, can be used. In performance terms, the attraction for the 30- plus clothes makers signed up to use Ingeo lies in its superiority over polyester (which it was designed to replace).
As Philippa Watkins, textiles, notes, Ingeo is not a visual trend. Unlike nanotechnology, which promises to transform what clothes can do, Ingeo’s impact on fashion will derive instead from its emphasis on using natural sustainable resources.
Could wearing synthetic fabrics made from polluting and non-renewable fossil fuels become as un-cool as slipping on a coat made from animal fur? Consumers should expect a much wider choice of ‘green’ fabrics. Alongside PLA fibers, firms are investigating plants such as bamboo, seaweed, nettles, and banana stalks as raw materials for textiles. Soya bean fiber is also gaining ground. Harvested in China and spun in Europe, the fabric is a better absorber and ventilator than silk and retains heat better than wool.
Elsewhere, fashion houses-among them Ermenegildo Zegna, Paul Smith, and DKNY- are combining fashion with electronics. Clunky earlier attempts involved attaching electronic components to the fabrics after the normal weaving process. But companies such as SOFT the switch has developed electro-conductive fabrics that behave in similar ways to conventional textiles.
Could electronic garments one day change color or pattern? A hint of what could be achieved is offered by Luminex, a joint venture between Stabio Textile and Caen. Made of woven optical fibers and powered by a small battery, Luminex fabric emits thousands of pinpricks of light, the color of which can be varied. Costumes made of the fabric wowed audiences at the production of the opera Aida in Washington, DC, last year.
Yet this ultimate of ambitions has remained elusive in the daily fashion, largely because electronic textiles capable of such wizardry are still too fragile to wear. Margaret Orth, whose firm International Fashion Machines makes a color-changing fabric, believes the capability is a decade or two away. Accessories with this chameleon-like capacity- for instance, a handbag that alters its colors – are more likely to appear first.
Questions for the passage DRESSED TO DAZZLE
Look at the following list of companies (1-6) and the list of new materials below. Match each company with the correct material. Write the correct letter A-H next to the companies 1-6
NB you may use any answer more than once.
1) Corpe Nove ……..
2) Nexia Biotechnologies …….
3) Nano-Tex ……
4) Schoeller Textil ……..
5) Quest International and Woolmark ………
6) Cargill Dow ……….
A) Material that can make you warmer or cooler
B) Clothing with perfume or medication added
C) Material that rarely needs washing
D) Material that can change according to external heat levels
E) Material made from banana stalks
F) Material that is environmental –friendly
G) Fibres similar to those found in nature
H) Clothes that can light up in the dark
Complete the summary below. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the reading passage for each answer.
Major changes in fabrics
Nanotechnology will bring changes we can see, while the brand called 7)…………will help the environment. Fibre made from the 8)………plant has better qualities than silk or wool.
In first attempts to use electronics, companies started with a material made by a standard 9)………method and then they fixed 10)………….to the material.
Needs an 11)………to make it work.
Has already been used to make stage 12)…………
Is not suitable for everyday wear because it is too 13)………..
The first products that can change color are likely to be 14)……….
Answers for the passage DRESSED TO DAZZLE
1 . D
2 . G
3 . C
4 . A
5 . B
6 . F
7 . INGEO
8 . SOYBEAN
9 . WEAVING
10 . ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS
11 . BATTERY
12 . COSTUMES
13 . FRAGILE
14 . ACCESSORIES