IELTS Data Reading Passage 128 – Water Treatment 2: Reed Bed

IELTS Data Reading Passage 128 – Water Treatment 2: Reed Bed

Water Treatment 2: Reed Bed

{A} Nowadays subsurface flow wetlands are a common alternative in Europe for the treatment of wastewater in rural areas. mainly in the last 10 to 12 years, there has been significant growth in the number and size of the systems in use. Compared to common treatment facilities, wetlands are lower in cost investment, lesser to maintain, and are ideal for densely populated rural or suburban areas rather than urban areas.

{B} the Common Read has the ability to transfer oxygen from its leaves, down through its stem and rhizomes, and out via its root system. As a result of this action, a very high population of micro-organisms occurs in the root system, with zones of aerobic, anoxic, and anaerobic conditions. Therefore with the wastewater moving very slowly and carefully through the mass of Reed roots, this liquid can be successfully treated.

{C} A straightforward definition of a reed bed is if you have dirty water in your pool or water, which is heavily polluted, Read Beds will be planted to make the water clean again. This is good for ecology and living organisms and fish in the water. Reed Beds have a wide range of qualities and are acceptable for cleaning everything from secondary to tertiary treatment of mild domestic effluent, to rural waste and even heavy industrial contaminants. The reason why they’re so effective is often that within the bed’s root sector, natural biological, physical, and chemical processes interact with one another to degrade or remove a good range of pollutants. Reed beds can be built in a number of variants, but mainly they are of the horizontal flow or vertical (down) flow configuration where water flows through the beds horizontally or vertically.

{D} Horizontal-flow wetlands may be of two types: free-water surface-flow (FWF) or subsurface water-flow (SSF). In the former, the effluent flows freely above the sand/gravel bed in which the reeds, etc. are planted; in the latter effluent passes through the sand/ gravel bed. In FWF-type wetlands, the effluent is treated by plant stems, leaves, and rhizomes. Such FWF wetlands are densely planted and typically have water-depths of less than 0.4m. However, dense planting can limit oxygen diffusion into the water. These systems work particularly well for low-strength effluents or effluents that have undergone some form of pretreatment and play an invaluable role in the tertiary treatment and the polishing of effluents. The horizontal reed flow system uses a long reed bed, Where the liquid slowly flows horizontally through. The length of the reed bed is about 100 meters. The downside of the horizontal reed beds is that they use up lots of land space and they do take quite a long time to produce clean water.


{E} A vertical flow reed bed is a sealed, gravel-filled trench with reeds growing in it (see the picture below). The common reed oxygenates the water, which helps to create the right environment for colonies of bacteria to break down unwanted organic matter and pollutants. The reeds also make the bed attractive to wildlife.

How Does a Vertical Flow Reed Bed Work?

{F} In vertical flow (Downflow) reed beds, the wastewater is applied on top of the reed bed, flows down through a rhizome zone with sludge as substrate, then the root zone with sand as substrate, and followed by a layer of gravel for drainage, and is collected in an under drainage system of large stones. The effluent flows onto the surface of the bed and percolates slowly through the different layers into an outlet pipe, which leads to a horizontal flow bed and is cleaned by millions of bacteria, algae, fungi, and microorganisms that digest the waste, including sewage. There is no standing water so there should be no unpleasant smells.

{G} Vertical flow reed bed systems are much more effective than horizontal flow reed-beds not only in reducing biochemical oxygen demanded (BOD) and suspended solids (SS) levels but also in reducing ammonia levels and eliminating smells.

Usually considerably smaller than horizontal flow beds, but they are capable of handling much stronger effluents that contain heavily polluted matters and have longer lifetime value. A vertical reed bed system works more efficiently than a horizontal reed bed system, but it requires more management, and its reed beds are often operated for a few days then rested, so several beds and a distribution.

{H} There are several advantages of Reed Bed systems over traditional forms of water treatment: first, they have low construction and running costs; second, they are easy management; third they have an excellent reduction of biochemical oxygen demand and suspended solids; last they have a potential for efficient removal of a wide range of pollutants.

{I} Reed beds are natural habitats found in floodplains waterlogged depressions and estuaries. The natural bed systems are biologically proven, and an environmentally friendly and visually unobtrusive way of treating wastewater and have the extra virtue of frequently being better than mechanical wastewater treatment systems. In the medium to long term reed bed systems are, in most cases, more cost-effective in installment than any other wastewater treatment. They are robust and require little maintenance. They are naturally environmentally sound protecting groundwater, dams, creeks, rivers, and estuaries.

IELTS Data Reading Passage 128 – Water Treatment 2: Reed Bed Questions 1-3

Do the following statements agree with the information given in IELTS Data Reading Passage 128 – Water Treatment 2: Reed Bed Passage?

In boxes 1-3 on your answer sheet, write

True If the statement is true.

False If the statement is false

Not Given If the information is not given in the passage.

Question 1. The Reed bed system is a conventional method for water treatment in urban area.

Question 2. IN the reed roots, there’s a series of process that helps break down the pollutants.

Question 3. Escherichia coli is the most difficult bacteria to be dismissed.

IELTS Data Reading Passage 128 – Water Treatment 2: Reed Bed Questions 4-6

Complete the diagram below. Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

IELTS Data Reading Passage 128 – Water Treatment 2 Reed Bed

IELTS Data Reading Passage 128 – Water Treatment 2: Reed Bed Questions 7-11

Use the information in the passage to match the advantages and disadvantages of the two systems: horizontal flow system and downflow system (listed A-H) below. Write the appropriate letters A-H in boxes 7-11 on your answer sheet.

………7…………, which is the advantage of the down-flow system. However, ………..8………. and ……….9……… are the disadvantages of the down-flow system.………10………and ……..11………….. are the two benefits of the horizontal flow system. However, it’s less effective and efficient.

[A] It can deal with a more seriously polluted effluent.

[B] It requires more beds than one compared to the other.

[C] It needs less control and doesn’t need to be taken care of all the time.

[D] It requires a lot of guidance.

[E] It can’t work all the time because the pool needs time to rest and recover after a certain period.

[F] It’s a lot more complicated to build the system.

[G] The system is easy to be built which does not need an auxiliary system.

[H] It consumes less water.

IELTS Data Reading Passage 128 – Water Treatment 2: Reed Bed Questions 25-26

Choose two correct letters from the following A, B, C, D, or E.

Write your answers in boxes 12-13 on your answer sheet.

What are the two benefits of natural bed systems when compared to conventional systems?

[A] Operation does not require electricity or fuel supply.

[B] They’re visually good and environmentally friendly.

[C] No mechanical systems are involved.

[D] They’re to be set up and used at less cost.

[E] They do not break down.

IELTS Data Reading Passage 128 – Water Treatment 2: Reed Bed Answers


(2) TRUE



(5) SAND


(7) A

(8) B

(9) E

(10) C

(11) G

(12) B

(13) D

Hello, I'm Manpreet Singh, and it's my pleasure to welcome you to For over a decade, I have had the privilege of guiding thousands of students and professionals like you on their journey to achieve their desired scores in the IELTS exam. My passion for teaching and my dedication to the English language have been the driving forces behind our platform, and it's an honor to share this journey with you.

Leave a Comment