IELTSData Reading Passage 115 – Ancient Chinese Chariots

IELTSData Reading Passage 115 – Ancient Chinese Chariots

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on the IELTSData Reading Passage 115 – Ancient Chinese Chariots below.

Ancient Chinese Chariots

{A} The Shang Dynasty or Yin Dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second-millennium Archaeological work at the Ruins of Yin(near modern-day Anyang), which has been identified as the last Shang capital, uncovered eleven major Yin royal tombs and the foundations of places and ritual sites, containing weapons of war and remains from both animal and human sacrifices.

{B} The tomb of Fu Hao is an archaeological site at Yinxu, the ruins of the ancient Shang Dynasty capital Yin, within the modern city of Anyang in Henan province, China. Discovered in 1976, It was identified as the final resting place of the queen and military general Fu Hao. The artifacts unearthed within the grave included jade objects, bone objects, bronze objects etc. These grave goods are confirmed by the oracle texts, which constitute almost all of the first handwritten records we possess of the Shang Dynasty. Below the corpse was a small pit holding the remains of six sacrificial dogs and along the edge lay the skeletons of human slaves, evidence of human sacrifice.

{C} The Terracotta soldiers were accidentally discovered on 29 March 1974 to the east of Xian in Shaanxi. The terracotta soldiers were accidentally discovered when a group of local farmers was digging a well during a drought around 1.6km (1 mile) east of the Qin Emperors tomb around at Mount Li (Lishan), a region riddled with underground springs and watercourses. Experts currently place the entire number of soldiers at 8000 with 130 chariots (130cm long). 530 horses and 150 cavalry horses helped to ward off any dangers in the afterlife. In contrast, the burial of Tutank human yielded six complete but dismantled chariots of unparalleled richness and sophistication. Each was designed for two people ( 90 cm long ) and had its axle sawn through to enable it to be brought along the narrow corridor into the tomb.

{D} Excavation of ancient Chinese chariots has confirmed the descriptions of them in the earliest texts. Wheels were constructed from a variety of woods: ELM provided the hub, rosewood the spokes, and oak the fellows. The hub was drilled through to form an empty space into which the tampering axle was fitted, the whole being covered with leather to retain lubricating oil. Though the number of spokes varied, a wheel by the fourth century BC usually had eighteen to thirty-two of them. Records show how elaborate was the testing of each completed wheel: flotation and weighing were regarded as the best measures of balance, but even the empty spaces in the assembly were checked with millet grains. One outstanding constructional asset of the ancient Chinese wheel was dishing. dishing refers to the dishlike shape of an advanced wooden wheel, which looks rather like a flat core. On occasion, they chose to strengthen a dished whee with a pair of struts running from rim to rim on each of the hubs. As these extra supports were inserted separately into the fellows, they would have added even greater strength to the wheel. Leather-wrapped up the edge of the wheel aimed to retain bronze.

{E} Within a millennium, however, Chinese chariots makers had developed a vehicle with shafts, the precursor of the true carriage or cart. This design did not make its appearance in Europe until the end of the Roman Empire. Because the shafts curved upwards, and the hardness pressed against a horse’s shoulders, not his neck, the shaft chariot was incredibly efficient. The halberd was also part of a chariot standard weaponry. This halberd usually measured well over 3 meters in length, which meant that a chariot warrior wielding it sideways could strike down the charioteer in a passing chariot. The speed of the chariot which was tested on the sand was quite fast. At speed, these passes were very dangerous for the crews of both chariots.

{F} The advantages offered by the new chariots were not entirely missed. They could see how there were literally the warring states, whose conflicts lasted down the Qin unification of China. Qin Shi Huang was buried in the most opulent tomb complex ever constructed in China, a sprawling, city-size collection of underground caverns containing everything the emperor would need for the afterlife. Even a collection of terracotta armies called Terra-Cotta Warriors was buried in it. The ancient Chinese, along with many cultures including ancient Egyptians, believed that items and even people buried with a person could be taken with them to the afterlife.

IELTSData Reading Passage 115 – Ancient Chinese Chariots Questions 1-4
Do the following statements agree with the information given in IELTSData Reading Passage 115 – Ancient Chinese Chariots Passage? In boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement is true

FALSE if the statement is false

NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage

Question 1:- When discovered, the written records of the grave goods proved to be accurate.

Question 2:- Human skeletons in the Anyang tomb were identified ad soldiers who were killed in the war.

Question 3:- The Terracotta Army was discovered by people who lived nearby by chance.

Question 4:- The size of King Tutankhamen’s tomb is bigger than that of in Qin Emperor’s tomb.

IELTSData Reading Passage 115 – Ancient Chinese Chariots Questions 5-10
Complete the notes below.

Choose ONE WORD from the IELTSData Reading Passage 115 – Ancient Chinese Chariots passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 5-10 on your answer sheet.

IELTSData Reading Passage 115 – Ancient Chinese Chariots

Question 5:- The hub is made of wood from the tree of ……………………………..

Question 6:- The room through the hub was to put tempering axle in which is wrapped up by leather aiming to retain……………………………..

Question 7:- The number of spokes varied from …………………………………to ………………………………

Question 8:- the shape of the wheel resembles a …………………………………

Question 9:- Two ………………………… was used to strengthen the wheel.

Question 10:- Leather-wrapped up the edge of the wheel aimed to remain…………………………

IELTSData Reading Passage 115 – Ancient Chinese ChariotsQuestions 11-13

Answer the questions below.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

Question 11:- What body part of a horse has released the pressure from to the shoulder

Question 12:- What kind of road surface did the researchers measure the speed of the chariot?

Question 13:- What part of this afterlife palace was Emperor Qin Shi Huang buried in?

IELTSData Reading Passage 115 – Ancient Chinese Chariots Answers

(1) TRUE


(3) TRUE


(5) ELM


(7) DISH

(8) 18-32



(11) NECK

(12) SAND


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